Cannabis otherwise known as marijuana among a host of names is favorite for its hallucinogenic properties.
Occasionally, when we mention this plant, most people think straight into its adverse effects.
Also, most people get trapped in the never-ending controversies surrounding its legality.
Well, cannabis also has got significant benefits – a reason why some states have legalized cannabis.
But more importantly, if you want to start a cannabis oil extraction oil, I have made this guide for you.
Because you’re going to learn everything you need to know about cannabis oil extraction machine.
From basic components, working principle, cannabis oil extraction methods to quality standards.
I will take you through every basic thing you need to know.
But first, let’s get some basic facts right.
Cannabis Oil Basics
In this part, we shall kick off with the basics about the cannabis oil.
This information is helpful,and hence you need to grasp it before we indulge in more excellent details.
What is cannabis oil?
This is a solvent or absolutes that is extracted from the cannabis sativa plant by use of some laboratory or industrial process.
Most farmers do grow cannabis sativa plant for its glands.
It is the glands that contain the oil.
Cannabis Sativa Plant
Note that cannabis oil extract isn’t a conventional essential oil that we know.
Other users prefer oral admission of the cannabis oil.
Significantly, the cannabis oil is mostly known for possession of psychoactive elements.
Meaning, it’s capable of altering a person’s psychological reasoning and judgment when used.
Additionally, there is a specific breed of cannabis sativa plant known as hemp.
This species contains some seeds which are very rich in oil.
Consequently, many grow hemp-extensively for industrial purposes in the production of the essential oil.
But uniquely, the hemp oil doesn’t contain the psychoactive effects often associated with conventional cannabis oil.
Well, with this we have two kinds of oil produced from the two distinct strains of the cannabis plant that is the cannabis oil and the hemp oil.
The significant difference between the two lies in their chemical structure and ingredients.
Therefore, to shed more light on this fact, in the next segment, we shall talk about the chemical composition of the oils.
What is the Chemical Composition of Cannabis Oil?
Now that you know cannabis oil is an extract,the oil contains chemical ingredients known as cannabinoids.
A cannabinoid is a collection of twenty-one carbon containing Phyto cannabinoids compounds.
Interestingly, the two major significant chemical components are:
i. Cannabidiol (CBD)
ii. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
Other compounds include cannabinol, cannabichromene, cannabigerol, tetrahydrocannabivarin.
We shall distinctively discuss these individual chemicals in details.
This is the carbon compound of the cannabis oil which is believed to possess no traces of psychoactive effects.
This chemical is responsible for suppressing the effects of the other element (Tetrahydrocannabinol).
Most researchers associate THC with the causes of psychoactive properties in the nervous system.
So it’s now pretty apparent that the hemp oil which is still a cannabis oil as earlier discussed is rich in cannabidiol (CBD).
Therefore, the products manufactured from industrial processing of hemp oil usually contains not more than 0.3% of THC.
Due to this little composition of THC, hemp products are legal to purchase, consume and for free trading.
This makes hemp oil a suitable food that is readily available for order online and locally.
However, you need to practice caution when consuming hemp seeds.
Some organizations specifically, Weston A Price Foundation advice everyone to be cautious.
This so since the THC element in hemp seeds as outlined might not be consistently below 0.3%.
CBD Oil – Photo courtesy: Health Line
Back to cannabidiol.
Here are it’s related medical benefits.
1. Relieves stress and nervousness
You obviously know that too much pressure drags your life behind apart from the adverse effects it brings to your health.
So in case you are a stressed guy, CBD is perfect for you.
It works by enhancing both the nervous and immune system to produce pleasure hormones which perfectly soothes the body and relaxes the mind.
2. Reduces the effects of insomnia
Do you have difficulties in sleeping?
The soothing action of CBD also helps the mind to unwind.
In the process, the body calms down and relieves restlessness together with anxiety.
3. Pain reliever and anti-inflammatory
I am sure whenever you fall a victim of chronic pain you do rush to take over the counter pain reliever drugs.
Unfortunately, most people don’t understand that CBD provides a natural relief for pain.
Moreover, CBD, as suggested by researchers, could significantly reduce inflammation.
It could, therefore, be used to treat Acne Vulgaris.
The condition that partly occurs from inflammation.
It also assists the smoke addicts to quit smoking and reduces drug withdrawals
4. Diagnosis for Epilepsy
However, FDA doesn’t recommend this prescription for children less than two years of age.
5. Cure for cancer
According to some researchers, CBD may be used to fight cancer.
They believe that this compound suppresses the continued growth of cancerous cells.
Also, it destroys these cells. More research is still going on to prove this fact though.
Negative impacts of CBD
The good news is that most studies show that most average adults sustain different doses of the component.
No side effects have been reported to occur on the central nervous system.
Some users though report fatigue and diarrhea, appetite changes and fluctuating weight.
In the clinical department for the use of Epidiolex, some patients have reportedly suffered from liver issues, changes in appetite and minor breathing difficulties.
Unlike CBD, THC contains the principal psychoactive ingredients.
Precisely this element is responsible for making consumers feel ‘high.’Marijuana is the cannabis breed that contains THC.
This, therefore, means that marijuana, though a strain for cannabis contains a high level of THC component in the range of 3% – 15% in addition to lower CBD content.
The medical benefits of THC are:
- Chronic pain reliever – this is one of the significant uses of THC. It relieves a wide range of pain such as muscle strains and neuropathic pains. Interestingly, THC acts by stimulating the discharge of dopamine which makes it an excellent remedy for agony.
- Solution to sleep disorder- THC is used for the recreational purpose to avert this condition. It acts by relaxing the whole body and mind.
- Anti-inflammatory – THC has over the course of time proved to be a potent anti-inflammatory remedy.
- Treatment for cancer – some initial research has associated THC to possess the ability to kill cancerous cells. Continued investigation is still ongoing to prove this theory.
- Rectification of mood disorders – in a short-term duration, the THC effectively improve mood disorders inclusive of depression and anxiety.
THC is not free of defects. The following are its side effects.
- It leads to increased anxiety and depression.
- It may result into panicking and hallucinations after consumption.
- THC impairs the memory and mental performance of the brain.
- Consumption of THC occasionally has been reported to cause slight headaches and dizziness by some users.
- It may result into sleepiness or lethargy after consumption.
- It has been widely reported to cause dry, itchy and red eyes among consumers.
- Finally, it may induce dry mouth sensation.
That aside, let’s concentrate on the reasons why you sincerely need to acquire a cannabis oil extraction machine.
Why You Need a Cannabis Oil Extraction Machine
Well,am sure you would like to achieve your prime objective which is to produce high-quality consumable cannabis oil.
But the main question is, how do you do this?
Indeed, you would need a state of the art machine which is just the right equipment for that purpose.
You must be now caught up in many dilemmas.
No need to worry, below, we discuss some of the reasons why you dearly need a cannabis oil extraction machine.
1) To Produce Super Quality and Potent Cannabis Oil
Without saying much, to have such quality oil, you will require a cannabis oil extraction machine.
It’s worth noting that there are several types of these machines in the market.
So care needs to be taken when making a selection.
However, note that the quality of the cannabis oil depends upon the grade of the cannabis plant.
Of the other aspects like the tastes and smell of the oil concentrate increase after extraction.
2) Some Require Little Space – They Vary in Sizes
Is your floor space limited?
Then worry not.
These machines aren’t big nor are they bulky.
It’s possible to operate most of the cannabis oil extraction machines from a table top.
Apart from that, they are portable and allows you the freedom of switching its position within your industry according to your preference.
Cannabis oil extraction machine – Photo courtesy: International High Life
Moreover, they widely vary in size; some are bigger while others are small in size.
Some are just adequately small to fit at any point in the industry.
3) A wide Range of Prices
What is the flexibility of your budget?
Depending on your answer, that may prove to be less significant.
The cannabis oil extraction machines have got varied price ranges.
From relatively low costly ones about $ 300 to slightly expensive machines approximately $ 4000.
You would pick the one that is proportional to your budget allocation.
Remember that the prices also vary by the manufacturer.
4) Fast Processing Capability
Some of these machines work too fast more than you can tell.
Imagine working with a device that processes about 6 – 22 L of material in just less than 2 hours?
How good can this get to be?
Cannabis oil extracting machines make up the lists of speedy processing gadgets.
5) Offers Flexibility in their Mode of Operation
Flexibility here means their suitability and method of operation.
You are free to select between a solvent or non-solvent based operational working machine.
Some of the solutions incorporated in the extraction include alcohol, carbon dioxide, butane,and propane,etc.
Solvent less based operation doesn’t use any of these solvents.
These machines are just as easy to use as others.
You could smoothly operate them without any complicated training.
Unfortunately, some might require little drill before you could easily use them.
The fully automated machines are simple to use.
Believe me you, all you need to do is to set all the parameters properly and press the start button.
The system will proceed appropriately.
In fact, at this point, you may concentrate on other duties.
Above all, if you are running a fully automated cannabis oil extraction machine, you will save a lot in your expenditure.
You don’t require the services of a machine attendant to supervise extractions.
7) Guaranteed safety control and standardized quality
The standard of manufacture of these machines is exceptional.
The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) and amongst other bodies do certify the merits of these versatile machines.
They are also safe to use and pose no danger to the user when appropriately applied.
Worried of system failure just after purchase?
These machines do come with a different length of the warranty period.
So in case of unforeseen circumstantial breakdown not user caused, the warranty will bail you out.
It’s professional to check for the terms of the warranty as they do vary relative to the manufacturer.
9) Durability and Longer Lifespan
The machines don’t easily breakdown and last for quite a long period when appropriately maintained.
They don’t require frequent technical servicing.
That’s it friends.
Are you convinced on purchasing one soon?
If so, you need to familiarize yourself with the parts of the machine.
Parts of Cannabis Oil Extraction Machine
It’s evident that such a versatile machine must have several components.
Cannabis oil extraction machine indeed has various sections that coordinate together to produce a viable outcome.
Due to the flexibility in its operation, it’s possible to customize some of this machine parts.
That again shall be addressed.
Have a look at these machine parts.
- Automated screen monitor
- Loading lids
- Carbon dioxide cylinder system (customized part)
- Carbon dioxide gas booster (Customized part)
- Extraction cylinders
- Heat exchangers
- Liquid carbon dioxide pumps (Customized part)
Let’s discuss each section now comprehensively.
Cannabis oil extraction machine
1. Automated Screen Monitor
The screen monitors in most cases are automated making it simple to use by the operator.
In some instances, it may be touch screen enabled providing a more comfortable platform for use.
Also, the widescreen ensures that the operator keenly follows the development in operation.
Therefore it enhances real-life monitoring.
2. Air-filled Loading Lids
These are pneumatic top covers of the cylinders.
Meaning, the caps are filled with compressed air to provide a stable and tight fitting.
Fixing of these caps takes place after the material has is placed in the extractor.
Fixing takes place either manually or automatically depending on the mode of operation of the machine.
For the manual way, you will need to remove and fix the lid back by tightening.
However, in case of automatic operation, it’s controlled by a push button that’s pressed and instantly open up or closes down.
Moreover, tightening of the lids is simple and doesn’t require the use of an auxiliary such as bolts, nuts, or spanner.
Note that the specifications of the lids are constructed and designed according to ASME regulations.
3. Carbon Dioxide Gas Booster (customized part)
These boosters are efficient in the conversion of gaseous carbon dioxide into a liquid state.
After that, the liquefied carbon dioxide may be temporarily stored or reused in the extraction process.
They are as well pneumatic and effective hence reduces the need for frequent maintenance and improvement.
4. Merged Extraction Cylinders System
It comprises a merged cylinder system into a single unit.
Therefore, this whole unit provides a large capacity for an extensive range of extraction.
It’s advisable to adjust the quality of the extract by maintaining the working temperatures at a maximum of 130 degrees Celsius.
These vessels are highly pressurized, got good quality, safe and efficient.
Also, their material structure comprises stainless steel 316 grade.
This material is suitable for food and beverage use since it’s sterilizable.
The reactors have got varied sizes of the dual carriage about 5L, 20L,and 100L.
6. Heat Exchangers
Made of stainless steel to limit any chances of corrosion.
They also offer real-time operation and longer lifespan.
The heat exchangers could also be appropriately configured to limit the damaging effects of cryogenic carbon dioxide.
This gas is destructive to some crucial parts of the machine.
7. Customized Liquid Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Pumps
This is cannabis specially constructed pump.They are hydraulically driven under high operating pressures usually up to 4900 psi.
The pump nozzles can as well initiate a faster rate of flow more than 77 milliliters per second.
8. Customized Carbon Dioxide Cylinder System
This part has got a smooth but noble function.
Again, the cylinder system provides storage for the carbon dioxide gas used in the extraction process.
Therefore the gas used is easily replenished whenever needed to be used in the extraction process.
It’s apparent from the above section that carbon dioxide cylinder, pumps, and booster are customizable.
This means they are not mandatory parts for all the cannabis oil extraction machine.
These parts are for use in only the devices that use carbon dioxide as a solvent.
With that, you now know the parts and functions of the cannabis oil extraction machine.
It’s time we focus on the working mechanism of this machine.
Working Principle of Cannabis Oil Extraction Machine – Learn How to Get Pure Cannabis Oil
Before we get into this, let’s make some consideration.
For effective extraction, you will need to select a suitable solvent for use such as ethanol, butane,etc. as initially stated.
The significance of the solution used lies in its capability of acting on the plant parts and extracting the much-needed oil.
So you need to be cautious when choosing a suitable solution for use.
Your selection of solvent shall depend upon the following factors:
- Will your extracts be used for human consumable products?
- Do you need a pure extract that doesn’t require much post-processing measures?
I hope that you have their answers in mind.
Now if your extracts are purposely for human consumption, then pick on the hydrocarbon or ethanol solvent extractions such as butane,etc.
This because hydrocarbons are safe since we do consume it in our daily food products and beverages.
The only side effect of hydrocarbons is that they leave some unhealthy residues after extraction.
Hence the resultant oil may need post-processing after removal.
The use of carbon dioxide is rare for the manufacture of consumable products.
That’s why their products are approximated to be less than 2%.
Above all, you are free to pick on a solvent-free extraction which is also equally suitable.
Remember that this is a technical industrial process.
The solvent used is condensed initially and evaporated completely.
Doing this ensures efficient removal of the solvent from the product.
Arguably, it isn’t done to provide any cooling effect.
Having known that, let’s kick off the procedure.
1) Injection of the Preferred Liquid Solvent
Introduction of the solution takes place straight from the operating tank into the extraction cylinder.
After that, it flows through a safety hose and onto the plant material.
Afterward, it effectively acts on the plant material to squeeze out the required ingredients which unquestionably is the cannabis oil.
Incidentally, the soak time and also amount of pressure used will vary according to the solvent used.
The soak time here means the period that the solution is intact with the plant material.
Injection of some solvents, for example, carbon dioxide, takes place at a higher pressure.
2) Extraction Cylinder/ Chamber
As previously indicated, the solvent from the operating tank extracts oil from the plant material.
Conventionally, the cannabis oil is collected at this part hence the name extraction chamber.
The extraction chamber has got two valves,i.e., the upper and lower valve.
Conventionally we shall name them valve one and two respectively.
So, the solvent maintains its liquid state in the cylinder in between the valves 1 and 2.
Once the chamber filled, the valve 2 is either manually opened or automatically opens for an automated machine.
The resultant pressure in the chamber pushes the liquid solvent via the silk screen and punctured gasket.
After which it temporarily settles in the separator vessel.
Immediately valve two is opened, you would notice that the pressure gauges begin to deflect.
Afterward, it will indicate an optimum pressure.
From here, the whole concentrates move into the collector’s vessel via valve 2.
3) Collector Vessel
Now here, the extract pours into the collector’s vessel; the first drops occupy the bottom positions of this vessel.
Soon, the solvent now begins to vaporize.
To increase the rate of vaporization of the solvent, you need to apply some heat at this collection point.
This occurs through the water jacket.
Again this vessel gets another controller at one end, let’s conventionally call it valve 3.
At this point, you need to open this specific one to release the highly pressurized solvent direct into the next chamber.
4) Expansion Filter
At the terminal point of valve 3, the solvent moves into the expansion filter.
Here it flows through a safety hosepipe.
The formed vapor drops into the lower parts of the vessel, where the transfer automatically takes place through a sieve.
Afterward, from the sieve system, the solvent is withdrawn by action of a recovery pump via the anterior connector.
To increase the rate of this particular process, apply some heat at the expansion filter.
5) Desiccant Filter & Spot Glass
The solvent vapor should now exit the expansion filter and subsequently transferred into the inlet section of the recovery pump.
Like the initial process, the solvent here also flows through another safety hosepipe.
Just before entering the recovery pump the vapor passes through desiccant filters and spot glass.
The location of these two parts,i.e., desiccant filter and spot glasses is to the inlet of the pump.
6) Recovery Pump
Once the desiccant filters and spot glasses clean the vapor, it’s drained into the recovery pump in successive pulses.
After that, the fumes settle within the inner compressor.
Afterward, it; s time to release the vapor from the recovery pump via the discharge side.
The gas isn’t disposed but channeled to flow back into the operating tank.
Unlike the previous channels of flow, the solvent course is through a differently colored safety hose.
To summarize the whole procedure, have a look at the following simplified flow diagram
Simple indeed, that’s the operational basis of the cannabis oil extraction machine.
The next segment is equally important; please continue reading.
Techniques of Cannabis Oil Extraction Process
The extraction techniques are the modes in which one can easily separate the desired products from the actual cannabis plant.
Various methods can be used to separate the different specific compounds from the cannabis plant.
I shall take you through the primary and common processes of doing this.
But before that, it’s worth noting that these processes are pure chemistry and industrial procedures as opposed to any other method.
As a result,you need to uphold maximum precaution at all times.
Also, each process has got its pros and cons.
The two main techniques are:
- Solvent-based procedures,ie. Use of hydrocarbons,g., butane and propane, alcohol, carbon dioxide.
- The non-solvent based extraction procedure
Solvent-based extraction procedures
· Alcohol-based Extraction
For this procedure, we shall use high-quality alcohol.
Primarily, the cannabis plant material is placed in contact with the alcohol specifically ethanol and allowed to soak together thoroughly.
The soak time should be adequate to enable the squeezing effect of the ethanol to withdraw the cannabis oil.
Afterward, you are free to remove the residual plant materials through sieving.
You may need to filter the resulting liquid effectively.
The alcohol component of the fluid is eliminated by evaporation process leaving behind the pure cannabis oil.
a. One of the significant benefits of this process is because it doesn’t leave behind any toxic chemicals in the eventual product.
b. Additionally, it can be used to extract the individual chemical components of the cannabis oil,e. cannabinoids and THC.
c. The process is also economical since it only requires low-cost
d. It produces high yields of extracts at a faster rate.
The only challenge related to ethanol is its easier mix ability with water.
Ethanol easily dissolves and uniformly mixes with water-based solvents.
This factor is the chief problem since the ethanol combines with the chlorophyll component of the cannabis plant which is water soluble.
The chlorophyll has to be removed from the extract since it releases unsuitable flavor in the oil.
Moreover, the use of ethanol consumes some quite a lot of time.
Take care since ethanol is flammable.
Cannabis Hydrocarbon Extraction
The commonly used hydrocarbons are butane and propane.
Well as earlier on indicated, the use of these chemicals produces some residues.
Cannabis extraction lab
Meaning, in the case of use of butane, a butane hash oil also called shatter becomes the residual.
The process occurs by putting both the butane and cannabis in a heat exchanger system under high pressure.
Later on, the butane solvent is removed by evaporation in a vacuum chamber.
This is a direct process since the vacuum pressure turns the liquid butane into gaseous state making it more comfortable enough to for elimination.
Now, shatter is a pure material with chemical composition of CBD, THC and other ingredients such as terpenes.
Otherwise, the butane hash oil can be thermally treated to remove terpenes.
This happens after completion of the extraction process.
Again this is done since terpenes are very volatile compared to THC and CBD.
If you use propane, then the residue becomes propane hash oil.
Just similarly to the butane process, the liquid propane is used at high pressures.
The only difference is that the extraction process is maintained at low temperatures since propane has got lower boiling points compared to butane.
Potentially, butane and propane produce different extracts.
However, they can be used side by side to provide a broader chemically oriented product.
- This process doesn’t require much equipment and is relatively cost friendly.
- It produces sweet flavored
- The extracts also contain much terpene content.
The whole process is highly hazardous.
This so since butane gas is extremely flammable in a gaseous state.
It means the temperature has to be strictly controlled otherwise a potential gas explosion may be imminent.
Carbon dioxide-based Cannabis Extraction
Unlike other solvent-based processes, this one uses carbon dioxide for extracting cannabis oil from the plant materials.
CO2 Cannabis extraction
A combination of the high amount of heat and pressure is used to turn the gas into a supercritical nature.
Meaning the carbon dioxide is enabled to maintain both a gaseous and liquid state but at optimum states.
a. This process yields a pure and massive quantity of material with little wastage.
b. Can be used for extraction of specific chemical components.
c. The carbon dioxide used can be recycled and reused over an over again.
d. The trapped carbon dioxide in the extracts easily evaporates away thereby making the extracts safe for consumption.
e. Generally, this extraction process is economical.
a. The extraction process requires high-cost
b. The rate of extraction here is also slower.
Excluding the techniques discussed, there are other necessary procedures for extracting the cannabis components.
The following components are separable constituents of cannabis without necessarily using solvents:
Kief is easy to separate from the cannabis plant by merely grinding and sieving.
You can do this by dividing the trichome from the whole cannabis plant material by use of a weed grinder.
Trichome refers to the structure that coats the exterior parts of marijuana flowers.
Trichomes are usually crystalline in form.
Hash is also another mechanically extracted product from the trichomes.
The most prevalent method of doing this is by first freezing the cannabis buds then crushing it into very tiny pieces over a filter.
By doing this, you shall have distinctively separated the trichomes from the plant.
They would eventually drop through the sieve.
Optionally, you may mold them into block structures.
Rosin is also another common component.
The resin is a sticky and sap substance that can be achieved by heating and highly pressurizing the cannabis to produce little amounts of hash oil.
The pros of non-solvent extraction
a. The process is relatively cheap.
b. It doesn’t require high technical equipment.
a. The procedure results in low yields.
b. Additionally, it’s labor
Quality Standards for Cannabis Oil Extraction Machine
Before you go on to consult a vendor about purchasing a cannabis oil extraction machine, you need to master some basic concepts.
Product from cannabis oil extraction machine
Relevant authorizing bodies do the test and confirm the qualities of these machines.
This is not only essential to protect the user but also to ensure the extension of the lifespan of the device.
You need to confirm if the machines have passed certification procedures in relevance to the following bodies.
This is a US government agency in the department of health and human services.
It has a noble purpose of protecting consumers by regulating and controlling the use of food and other consumable related devices.
Ensure to confirm FDA certification before you make a purchase.
This would mean that the machine has passed several regulation standards for safety for use by consumers.
This is also another organization that guarantees the protection of consumers of food, beverages and pharmaceutical products.
Since Cannabis oil extraction machine falls under this category, it needs to pass the 3A sanitary standards and related practices.
It stands for current Good Manufacturing Practice.
cGMP ensures proper design, monitoring and the efficient operational basis of machines.
Therefore adherence to this regulation would lead to provisions of high quality and reliable machinery to be used in the cannabis oil extraction process.
This is an organization that ensures collaboration among the engineering bodies in assuring the availability of solutions to everyday engineering problems.
The ASME has got a trademark sticker that all manufacturers embed on all compliant machinery.
Specifically, the pressure vessels are the ones marked.
The regulation as per the ASME requires that they be less of less than 6 inches in diameter.
There is no limitation attached to their length and the exerted pressure.
So you need to confirm this.
Engineer Peer Reviews (EPR) Report
EPR provides a set of guidelines to assist Product Design Teams (PDT) assess and eliminate any potential flaw that could potentially exist in the machine under use.
This would enable prevention of any impending breakdown of the device.
Thus EPR is very vital for this kind of machine.
This body comprises of various UL safety research and expertise.
UL is a credited standard safety body in the United States and Canada.
The UL collaborate with other standard developers in multiple countries to ensure compliance of regulations.
UL Standards standardize the control panels.
Cannabis oil extract
Cheers on reaching the end of this all-inclusive guide to the cannabis oil extraction machine.
I am sure now you’re well-conversant with the parts, working principle, quality standards and even the extraction techniques.
It’s pretty obvious you’re now knowledgeable in this sector and have got all information to buy one of these machines soon.
Throughout this guide, we have thoroughly exhausted all the information that is vital and essential.
Talk to us in case you want to venture in cannabis oil extraction industry.
At SaintyCo, we provide turnkey solution on cannabis oil extraction process.